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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all over the world and have been found in Australia in small numbers. Recently they've become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and many areas of the world, within the previous ten years. .
The main reason behind the increase is thought to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are resilient to many of the commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world travel with bed bugs being spread in luggage, shoes and clothing. Once acquired at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs may then be transported and brought back to the homes of guests in their own luggage.
Many hostels have now banned the use of travellers own sleeping linen in common accommodation as a security precaution against this pest.
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In early infestations, bed bugs are often found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. As the infestation spreads, the bugs move to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their colour, mature bed bugs can easily be spotted with the naked eye on white sheets and bedding, but very tough to see on brown wooden floors and other black surfaces.
Heavily used hiding places are evident from black or brown stains of blood excrement or spotting. There might be an offensive candy odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour sometimes described as buggy is similar to the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin shells might also be found near these places, as well as living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This system of communication and the release of alarm pheromones can make them very difficult to treat as bed bugs become alert and quickly vacate the area being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs may also spread into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a suitable host, bed bugs will nourish and therefore are very likely to harbor in close proximity to the victim. In this case, new locations can quickly become infested with bed bugs in a brief amount of time. .
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Different people have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of factors. Some individuals have little or no reaction to the bite. In others the bite site can become red and intensely itchy. This can happen during the course of the night or may take around 9-14 days to develop.
The wheals may range from 2 cm to 5 cm in diameter with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock could possibly happen in individuals which are Get More Info highly contagious, although this is very rare. .
Discomfort and loss of sleep is common in the ramifications of bed bugs. Bites may be found on many different areas on the entire body. Another feature is the bites are in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. The bed insect causes these rows being disturbed during feeding and having to pierce the skin to nourish again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but may feed on other mammals and poultry if necessary. Although they can carry diseases such as hepatitis they're not known to transfer such ailments to individuals.
The survival of mattress bug eggs is also an issue. It is not uncommon for the reside bed bugs amongst an infestation to be wholly eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the exact location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period of up to fourteen days and may be deposited in hidden areas that are tough to deal with. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are created more problematic due to the now smaller dimensions of the newly re-emerged bed bug nymph. Once an infestation is discovered, all adjoining rooms need to be inspected and handled if also influenced.
This can be completed by the use of adhesive tape (if insect numbers are extremely small) to trap the insect. Vacuuming can also be recommended before chemical treatment as it removes all dust and debris from the site of this infestation making it simpler for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn be effective.